A lot of homeowners tend not to give enough importance to their home’s heating and cooling systems. They expect their heating systems to keep them warm in the winter and they rely upon air conditioners for keeping them cool in the summer.
If a house is cold during the winter and hot during the summer, owners would naturally contact a professional service. Luckily, you reduce service costs and maintain the efficient work of your heating and cooling systems by carrying out some maintenance and fixes by yourself. However, in order to perform the work effectively, you need to learn about the basics of the function of these systems first.
How Cooling and Heating Systems Work
Every climate control system has three basic components, a warmed or cooled air source, an air distribution means and a control utilized for regulating the system. Warm air sources like furnace and cool air like air conditioner usually make use of the same control and distribution systems. A home with central air conditioning has cool air flowing through the same ducts which heat does.
Air conditioning and heating work based on the principle that heat moves from a warm to a cooler object. Heaters and furnaces put heat into the air in order to make the house warmer, ACs eliminate heat in order to make the house cooler. Every cooling and heating unit burns fuel. Electricity is used by air conditioners. The majority of home heating systems make use of fuel or gas oil. When air is cooled or warmed by cold or heat source, it should be distributed to different areas of the house. Check out websites and url of heating and cooling companies to ensure your systems will work properly.
Forced Air Systems
This system distributes the heat that the furnace produces or the coolness a central AC produces through a blower forcing air through a metal duct system to the rooms. When warm air flows into rooms, colder air flows down to the cold air return system to the furnace.
These are based upon the principle that hot air increases and cold air sinks. Thus, gravity systems cannot be utilized for distributing cool air from air conditioners. The furnace in a gravity system cannot be found below or near the floor. There will be an increase in the warmed air which flows through the ducts to the floor registers throughout the home.
This system works by warming the walls, ceilings or floors or by warming room radiators. Such objects then warm the room’s air. A number of systems make use of electric heating panels for generating heat. As with gravity wall heaters, such panels are often installed in warm climates or where there is affordable electricity. Radiant systems can’t be used for distributing cool air from an AC.
Convectors and radiators are utilized with hot water heating systems. Such systems are likely to depend upon a circular pump or gravity for circulating heated water from the boiler and then to the convectors or radiators. Systems which make use of a circulator or pump are called hyronic systems.
Author Bio:- Chris Thomas is a professional heating and cooling technician. He has his own website for people to find him for HVAC services.